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linux 系统中 /bin 目录的区别

/bin
This directory contains executable programs which are needed in single user mode and to bring the sys‐ tem up or repair it.

此目录包含在单用户模式下需要的可执行程序,这些程序用于启动或修复系统。

/sbin
Like /bin, this directory holds commands needed to boot the system, but which are usually not executed by normal users.

与/bin一样,这个目录包含引导系统所需的命令,但这些命令通常不会由普通用户执行。

/usr/bin
This is the primary directory for executable programs. Most programs executed by normal users which are not needed for booting or for repairing the system and which are not installed locally should be placed in this directory.

主目录是可执行程序。大多数由普通用户执行的、不需要启动或修复系统的程序以及不在本地安装的程序都应该放在这个目录中。

/usr/sbin
This directory contains program binaries for system administration which are not essential for the boot process, for mounting /usr, or for system repair.

此目录包含用于系统管理的程序二进制文件,这些文件对于引导过程、装入/usr或系统修复都不是必需的。

/usr/local/bin
Binaries for programs local to the site.

站点本地程序的二进制文件。

/usr/local/sbin
Locally installed programs for system administration.

本地安装的系统管理程序。

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