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Nginx和PHP-FPM的启动/重启脚本

服务器上的Nginx和PHP都是源码编译安装的,不支持类似以前的nginx (start|restart|stop|reload)了。自己动手丰衣足食。以下脚本应该在RHEL, Fedora, CentOS下都适用。

一、Nginx启动脚本/etc/init.d/nginx

#!/bin/bash
#
# Startup script for Nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig:   - 85 15
# description:  Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config:      /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile:     /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
 
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
 
# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
 
nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)
 
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
 
[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
 
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
 
start() {
    [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
    [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
    echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
    daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
    return $retval
}
 
stop() {
    echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
    killproc $prog -QUIT
    retval=$?
    echo
    [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
    return $retval
}
 
restart() {
    configtest || return $?
    stop
    sleep 1
    start
}
 
reload() {
    configtest || return $?
    echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
    killproc $nginx -HUP
    RETVAL=$?
    echo
}
 
force_reload() {
    restart
}
 
configtest() {
  $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
 
rh_status() {
    status $prog
}
 
rh_status_q() {
    rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
 
case "$1" in
    start)
        rh_status_q && exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    stop)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
        $1
        ;;
    restart|configtest)
        $1
        ;;
    reload)
        rh_status_q || exit 7
        $1
        ;;
    force-reload)
        force_reload
        ;;
    status)
        rh_status
        ;;
    condrestart|try-restart)
        rh_status_q || exit 0
            ;;
    *)
        echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
        exit 2
esac

#==============================================================

编辑好后保存,执行以下命令

sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
sudo /sbin/chkconfig nginx on
# 检查一下
sudo /sbin/chkconfig --list nginx
nginx 0:off 1:off 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off

完成!可以使用以下命令管理Nginx了

service nginx start
service nginx stop
service nginx restart
service nginx reload
 
/etc/init.d/nginx start
/etc/init.d/nginx stop
/etc/init.d/nginx restart
/etc/init.d/nginx reload

二、PHP-FPM启动脚本/etc/init.d/php-fpm

#!/bin/bash
#
# Startup script for the PHP-FPM server.
#
# chkconfig: 345 85 15
# description: PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language
# processname: php-fpm
# config: /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
 
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
 
PHP_PATH=/usr/local
DESC="php-fpm daemon"
NAME=php-fpm
# php-fpm路径
DAEMON=$PHP_PATH/php/sbin/$NAME
# 配置文件路径
CONFIGFILE=$PHP_PATH/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
# PID文件路径(在php-fpm.conf设置)
PIDFILE=$PHP_PATH/php/var/run/$NAME.pid
SCRIPTNAME=/etc/init.d/$NAME
 
# Gracefully exit if the package has been removed.
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0
 
rh_start() {
  $DAEMON -y $CONFIGFILE || echo -n " already running"
}
 
rh_stop() {
  kill -QUIT `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n " not running"
}
 
rh_reload() {
  kill -HUP `cat $PIDFILE` || echo -n " can't reload"
}
 
case "$1" in
  start)
        echo -n "Starting $DESC: $NAME"
        rh_start
        echo "."
        ;;
  stop)
        echo -n "Stopping $DESC: $NAME"
        rh_stop
        echo "."
        ;;
  reload)
        echo -n "Reloading $DESC configuration..."
        rh_reload
        echo "reloaded."
  ;;
  restart)
        echo -n "Restarting $DESC: $NAME"
        rh_stop
        sleep 1
        rh_start
        echo "."
        ;;
  *)
         echo "Usage: $SCRIPTNAME {start|stop|restart|reload}" >&2
         exit 3
        ;;
esac
exit 0

#=====================================================

编辑好后保存,执行以下命令

sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm
sudo /sbin/chkconfig php-fpm on
# 检查一下
sudo /sbin/chkconfig --list php-fpm
php-fpm 0:off 1:off 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:off

完成!可以使用以下命令管理php-fpm了

service php-fpm start
service php-fpm stop
service php-fpm restart
service php-fpm reload
 
/etc/init.d/php-fpm start
/etc/init.d/php-fpm stop
/etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
/etc/init.d/php-fpm reload

注意:里面的程序路径必须写对,这里用的都是默认的路径哟!而且对于php-fpm,默认的pid文件是没有设置的,要使用这个必须先在配置文件启用pid文件!~

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